Tag Archive | "Brasil"

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Brasil: Mobilização para conviver com a aridez e a água

Posted on 29 October 2010 by admin

Um cisterna de água da chuva. Crédito: Roberta Guimarães/ASA.

Fabiana Frayssinet

Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 29/10/2010, (IPS/TerraViva) РA pitoresca, para quem vê de fora, paisagem de mulheres carregando pesadas vasilhas com água em suas cabeças começa a ser coisa do passado em vários lugares do semiárido brasileiro, em razão de uma iniciativa simples que se expande para outros países: a coleta e o armazenamento de água da chuva.
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Voice of Civil Society Loud and Clear in Cochabamba

Posted on 19 April 2010 by editor

Credit: Daniela Estrada/IPS TerraViva

By Daniela Estrada*

SANTIAGO, Apr 19, 2010 (Tierramérica) РThe success of the climate change conference taking place in the central Bolivian city of Cochabamba will depend on how unified civil society ultimately is in its efforts to influence the United Nations climate summit, in Mexico, say Latin American activists.

The World People‚Äôs Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, Apr. 19-22, convened by Bolivia’s President Evo Morales, has brought together some 12,000 people from 130 countries, including international personalities, representatives from citizen groups and government officials.

The bulk of the debate will be led by civil society, which tends to oppose the market-based mechanisms proposed by most of the governments to fight climate change, and this is fuelling doubts about just how much impact the Bolivian forum will have on the official climate talks taking place within the United Nations.

Only presidents who are personally close to Morales are attending the Cochabamba conference, such as Rafael Correa of Ecuador, Fernando Lugo of Paraguay, Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua, and Hugo Ch√°vez of Venezuela. Other governments, like those of Brazil and Chile, will not participate. “I think it’s a very important space for coming together, where it will be possible to discuss and come to agreement on our positions and strategies, but that depends on the organisations that participate,” Colombian Lydia Fernanda Forero, member of the council of the Hemispheric Social Alliance, told Tierram√©rica.

The Alliance, an umbrella of grassroots organisations and networks from Canada to Chile, will have a greater presence in Cochabamba than it did at Klimaforum 2009, the civil society summit held in December in parallel to the 15th Conference of Parties (COP 15) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

“Thanks to (President) Morales we have a rainbow of social and political entities behind this issue that we couldn’t have even dreamed of four months ago,” including student and labour groups, said Eduardo Giesen, the Latin America coordinator of Friends of the Earth International’s climate justice programme.

For Alejandro Yianello, of Argentina’s Piuk√© Ecologist Association, “it’s an advance that there are other actors discussing the issue ” besides those associated with COP 15. He told Tierram√©rica that he applauds the Cochabamba conference’s shift of the focus towards “the rights of Mother Earth.”

Itelvina Massioli, of the Brazilian Movement of Landless Rural Workers (MST – Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra) and of V√≠a Campesina International, said in an interview with Tierram√©rica that the conference will not be a “trade fair” but rather “an important space for information, reflection, dialogue and coordination among peoples.”

The conference’s 17 working groups will deal with issues like the structural causes of global warming and the Bolivian proposal to create an international tribunal for climate justice and convene a climate referendum of the peoples of the world.

Also up for discussion is the situation of indigenous peoples and of “climate migrants,” and possible solutions for financing the transfer of technologies necessary for communities to adapt to the effects of climate change.

“Morales’s call synthesises what many social movements in Latin America have been proposing in a fragmented way,” which poses a big challenge to the organisations, said Lucio Cuenca, director of the Latin American Observatory of Environmental Conflicts, in Chile.

Mexico, which will host the COP 16 in December – an effort to reverse the failure of the Copenhagen meet -, is represented in Cochabamba by delegates from at least seven environmental groups.

“Our general proposal is to say ‘no’ to the false solutions against climate change offered by nearly all governments, such as market mechanisms that do not have mitigating effects,” Miguel Valencia, an organiser of Klimaforum 2009, told Tierram√©rica.

“Cochabamba can be a democratic space for developing organisational capacity to build accord within civil society,” said Claudia G√≥mez, of the non-governmental Mexican Centre for Environmental Law.

But not everyone sees this forum as an opportunity to strengthen civil society’s role in the climate change debate.

The non-governmental Wildlife (Vida Silvestre) Foundation, which last month in Argentina led the campaign to turn out the lights to fight climate change, will not participate in the conference “due to budget issues” and because “it is more a meeting for indigenous organisations,” said foundation member Mar√≠a Jos√© Pach√°. “It’s not a UN meeting,” she said.

Hern√°n Giardini, delegate from Greenpeace Argentina, is participating in the Bolivia meet, but told Tierram√©rica that he hopes it doesn’t turn into an alternative process to that of the UN. It is the United Nations where decisions are made, he said.

In contrast, the director of the non-governmental Sustainable Chile Programme, Sara Larra√≠n, believes the Cochabamba conference represents precisely the possibility of recuperating “international democratic governability,” given the failure of the official talks.

“We believe the people’s conference is a fundamental space because if a pole of subversion and response is not created, and if we don’t take the floor from the governments, there is no possibility that the negotiations will advance,” Larra√≠n stated to Tierram√©rica.

“We are going with the expectation of the creation of a genuine social and popular movement that takes up the environmental questions – in this case the climate crisis – as a social and socio-political problem, and that it is constituted beyond the non-governmental environmental organisations,” said Friends of the Earth’s Giesen.

(*Emilio Godoy in Mexico City, Marcela Valente in Buenos Aires, Franz Chávez in La Paz, and Fabiana Frayssinet in Rio de Janeiro contributed reporting. This story was originally published by Latin American newspapers that are part of the Tierramérica network. Tierramérica is a specialised news service produced by IPS with the backing of the United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme and the World Bank.) (END)

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Cuando urbanización no es progreso

Posted on 26 March 2010 by editor

Arroyo contaminado fluye junto a una "villa miseria" de Argentina

Por Fabiana Frayssinet y Mario Osava

R√ćO DE JANEIRO, 25 mar (IPS TerraViva) – Colapso o d√©ficit de servicios b√°sicos, hacinamiento, contaminaci√≥n. Son problemas de las grandes ciudades que, en los pa√≠ses en desarrollo, lejos de resolverse se acent√ļan por otro mal: la pobreza y la desigualdad. Continue Reading

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Bringing the Multicoloured Soul of the Favela to Life

Posted on 24 March 2010 by editor

Favela homes. Credit: Nate Cull

By Fabiana Frayssinet

RIO DE JANEIRO, Mar 24, 2010 (IPS) – The “favelas” or shanty towns of Brazil are a uniform red ochre, the colour of unplastered brick walls. But two visual artists from the Netherlands want to paint them every colour under the sun, a facelift intended to showcase the colourful soul of these poverty-stricken neighbourhoods. Continue Reading

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Fewer Slum Dwellers Thanks to Upgrading

Posted on 24 March 2010 by editor

Favela Dona Marta, Rio de Janeiro, seen from Corcovado. Credit: Brian Snelson

By Fabiana Frayssinet

RIO DE JANEIRO, Mar 22, 2010 (IPS) – A United Nations report published ahead of the Fifth World Urban Forum in Brazil says the proportion of the population of this country living in “favelas” or shantytowns was reduced 16 percent between 2000 and 2010. Continue Reading

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RIGHTS: Women More Educated, Not More Equal

Posted on 01 March 2010 by editor

Students in school in Quibd√≥, capital of Choc√≥ province, Colombia. Credit:Jes√ļs Abad Colorado/IPS

By Mario Osava *

RIO DE JANEIRO, Mar 1, 2010 (IPS/TerraViva) – When it comes to female education rates, progress has been made around the world, and in many countries girls and young women have outnumbered and outperformed boys and men at all levels of schooling for decades. Nevertheless, these advances have yet to translate into greater equity in employment, politics and social relations.
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WSF: “Machista” but Valued by Feminists Nonetheless

Posted on 03 February 2010 by admin

Women and men in WSF march. Credit: Verena Glass

By Mario Osava *

PORTO ALEGRE, Brazil, Jan 30 , 2010 (IPS/TerraViva) – The World Social Forum (WSF) “changed our lives,” although it continues to be “machista,” with men significantly outnumbering women in its organisation and almost all discussion panels, commented Nalu Farias, coordinator in Brazil of the World March of Women.
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WSF: Reconciling Social and Environmental Needs

Posted on 01 February 2010 by admin

Credit: Farid Ahmed/IPS

By Mario Osava* IPS/TerraViva

SALVADOR, Brazil, Jan 31, 2010 (IPS) – One of the greatest challenges facing the world today is to attend to the urgent social needs of the planet‚Äôs population, and particularly the one billion people living “on the brink of survival”, while dealing with the equally urgent demands of the environment.
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Izquierda busca caminos

Posted on 31 January 2010 by editor

Lilian Celiberti y el presidente Lula, momentos antes de que los dos hablaran en un acto en Porto Alegre el martes. Crédito: Verena Glass

Por Mario Osava

SALVADOR, Brasil (IPS/TerraViva) Bahía, el estado más africano de Brasil, quiere ser sede del encuentro central del Foro Social Mundial (FSM) en 2013, después de haber promovido un foro temático concluido este domingo con una discusión sobre la izquierda y una marcha de miles de personas entre dos playas centrales de la ciudad capital. Continue Reading

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Nordeste brasile√Īo en la vidriera

Posted on 31 January 2010 by editor

Ni√Īos riegan la huerta de una escuela agr√≠cola en el Nordeste. Cr√©dito: Mario Osava/IPS

Por Denise Ribeiro *

SALVADOR, Brasil (IPS/TerraViva) La cuesti√≥n del Nordeste, una de las regiones menos desarrolladas de Brasil, emergi√≥ como problema en el √ļltimo d√≠a de debates del Foro Social Mundial Tem√°tico (FSMT). Continue Reading

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