• Monday, April 21, 2014
  • A program of IPS Inter Press Service supported by the Dutch MDG3 Fund

    Missing the Point? A critical review of MDG

    Next time you read a story or a press release moaning about how country X will not reach the Millennium Development Goals, think twice – whose goal and whose target is it? We know the deadline but do we know the baseline?

    Instead of striking a balance between ambition and realism, the MDGs have become “money-metric and donor-centric”, “meaningless catch-all phrases.”

    So says Jan Vandemoortele, a Belgian national, a United Nations senior official and one of the architects of the MDGs, in a thought-provoking article in the July issue of  Development Policy Review of the Overseas Development Institute. (read it here)

    Unrealistic? A crowded classrom in Guinea Bissau...

    Unrealistic goal? A crowded classroom in Guinea Bissau...

    The author recalls that the MDGs were set up in 2000 as collective targets based on extrapolations of global trends.  They are vague by definition; they are not one-size-fits-all.

    Instead, one should look at countries’ historical backgrounds, natural endowments and specific problems, then adapt the Goals to each circumstance, as Mozambique, Cambodia and Ethiopia have done.

    Otherwise, this puts undue pressure on the poorest countries and, given that most of these are in Africa, nurtures Afro-pessimism.

    For example, the global target for education “is not realistic” for countries in conflict, he says.                             

    True, targets do change. For example, water for all in 2015 morphed into the more feasible goal of halving the number of people without clean water.

    Magic numbers

    A mantra has evolved: if only there were more money and higher economic growth, the MDGs would be achieved. Who is fond of these “magic numbers”? Staff at global headquarters of aid organisations, says the author, because of their “excessive reliance on abstract concepts.” (he should know, with his long career as a top UN official).

    ..and their teacher. By M. Sayagues

    ..and their teacher. By M. Sayagues

    Vandemoortele sees the MDG canon being usurped by interest groups to push their agendas or devalued “as a repackaged call for more foreign aid.”

    Rather, the MDG should be a tool to examine disparities and inequities within countries. In his view, the poorest people continue to be excluded. Many of these are women. Without better sex-disaggregated data, the gender dimension of hunger, illiteracy, disease and poverty remains unexposed.

    Most progress takes place among the better off, and inequality and inequity keep rising, says the author.

    “The targets are often presented as a universal good that will not demand tough policy choices and hard trade-offs among social groups within a country,” he says.

    The MDGs should usher in new thinking about inequalities if they are not to miss the point

    What do you think? Send us your views.

    Read recent IPS stories on MDG here and here

    • mercedes

      from author Jan Vandemoortele: Indeed, the forces that misconstrue and distort the MDGs are strong. This is true in the media too. At the same time, we cannot deny that the media’s attention for the MDGs – however imperfect – has served the cause of human development and human rights.

      Most people tend to see the MDGs from their own perspective. Although they mention that the MDGs are multi-sectoral, their interpretation of them seldom goes beyond their sector. In case of #3, most often we hear how lousy the MDGs cover gender equality. True, but few have taken the initiative of using the MDGs to show how progress in most fields is bypassing women; especially those at the bottom of the social ladder. The thing is that gender discrimination doesn’t occur indiscriminately — a view that is often strongly contested, albeit that the evidence is overwhelming.

      Jan Vandemoortele

    • Sara

      I think the post above made some interesting points, on a related side note I found a used version of Global Inequalities which is directly related to this topic for less than the bookstores at http://www.belabooks.com/books/9780803990609.htm

    • Belay Haffa Bekie

      it is better to inclued RH issues than now

    • Belay Haffa Bekie

      it is good tery the best than the pereviouse one

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