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‘Titanic’: we review the best moments of the film on its anniversary
REVIEWS: Sleigh Bells apologize, but even on “Texis” there is no peace of arms (and mind)
‘Greenhouse vegetables will become more expensive even without gas’ – ABN AMRO: greenhouse horticulture discovered as a fossil industry – Foodlog
The reform of the welfare state, wanted by Joe Biden, blocked by a democratic senator
Dutch catering industry wants ‘refrigerator compensation’ for Christmas lockdown – American and British restaurants voluntarily close every other day – Foodlog
Mindfulness can get wandering thoughts back on track
Anthony Hopkins, more than just a legend
California Academy of Sciences researchers describe 70 new species in 2021
2021 Special: The Songs That Marked the Year | Pave Music
Maples in the mountains provide clues to past distribution

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                    [title] => ‘Titanic’: we review the best moments of the film on its anniversary
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                            [creator] => Paula Hooper
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                    [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 04:31:15 +0000
                    [category] => MoviesanniversaryfilmmomentsREVIEWTitanic
                    [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12641
                    [description] => The 100 best movies in history. The best classic movies of the cinema. We all know the dramatic sinking of the Titanic and it was clear that his story was compelling enough to be brought to the big screen. In 1997, James Cameron premiered to the world what would be one of the most ambitious ... Read more
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    We all know the dramatic sinking of the Titanic and it was clear that his story was compelling enough to be brought to the big screen. In 1997, James Cameron premiered to the world what would be one of the most ambitious films of all time and that we continue to remember every December 19, the date of its arrival in theaters. 2021 marks the 24th anniversary of that milestone and we want to review some of the best curiosities who gave us this story starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet.

    Shaping such a mammoth project was not easy. A savage amount of money was needed, while producers doubted whether investing so much money was going to pay off. Many did not believe that it would become one of the most viewed films in history and winner of eleven Oscars. To reduce costs, only a part of the ship was built and different mechanisms such as mirrors were used to generate a visual effect of continuity. One of the scenes that most brought them upside down was the avalanche of water in the hallways and in the living room. In this room, a system was established that should not fail, since there was only the possibility of filming that sequence only once, since all the props were going to end up damaged. Luckily, everything went as planned.

    Distributor

    They signed up to 150 extra actors and they were instructed for filming. Many of its characters were named after actual victims of this event. Surely you remember the moment when Jack taught Rose to spit, a gesture that was improvised and for which egg white was used. The costumes were also carefully cared for. The pink chiffon dress that Rose wears at the end was repeated more than 2 times by Deborah Lynn Scott, while the garnet with black rhinestones took more than a thousand hours of work to make. All the actors wore wetsuits under their garments except Kate Winslet and that cost her pneumonia.

    picture of the movie shoot

    Distributor

    The carpets that appear on the boat were ordered from the same factory that made the originals and much of the furniture was built by the same company that ‘dressed’ the ship. ‘Titanic’ is also his song: ‘My Heart Will Go On’. Céline Dion was not at all happy with the subject, her husband convinced her and it became a real hymn. Surely you are still grieving for Jack’s death and now you are going to hallucinate when you discover that his drowning could have been prevented. In the mythical program ‘Hunters of myths’, they showed that both fit into the same table. Very strong, yes. If you’ve been wanting more anecdotes, don’t miss our video. Hit the ‘play’!

    This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

We would like to say thanks to the author of this short article for this amazing content

‘Titanic’: we review the best moments of the film on its anniversary

) [summary] => The 100 best movies in history. The best classic movies of the cinema. We all know the dramatic sinking of the Titanic and it was clear that his story was compelling enough to be brought to the big screen. In 1997, James Cameron premiered to the world what would be one of the most ambitious ... Read more [atom_content] =>

    We all know the dramatic sinking of the Titanic and it was clear that his story was compelling enough to be brought to the big screen. In 1997, James Cameron premiered to the world what would be one of the most ambitious films of all time and that we continue to remember every December 19, the date of its arrival in theaters. 2021 marks the 24th anniversary of that milestone and we want to review some of the best curiosities who gave us this story starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet.

    Shaping such a mammoth project was not easy. A savage amount of money was needed, while producers doubted whether investing so much money was going to pay off. Many did not believe that it would become one of the most viewed films in history and winner of eleven Oscars. To reduce costs, only a part of the ship was built and different mechanisms such as mirrors were used to generate a visual effect of continuity. One of the scenes that most brought them upside down was the avalanche of water in the hallways and in the living room. In this room, a system was established that should not fail, since there was only the possibility of filming that sequence only once, since all the props were going to end up damaged. Luckily, everything went as planned.

    Distributor

    They signed up to 150 extra actors and they were instructed for filming. Many of its characters were named after actual victims of this event. Surely you remember the moment when Jack taught Rose to spit, a gesture that was improvised and for which egg white was used. The costumes were also carefully cared for. The pink chiffon dress that Rose wears at the end was repeated more than 2 times by Deborah Lynn Scott, while the garnet with black rhinestones took more than a thousand hours of work to make. All the actors wore wetsuits under their garments except Kate Winslet and that cost her pneumonia.

    picture of the movie shoot

    Distributor

    The carpets that appear on the boat were ordered from the same factory that made the originals and much of the furniture was built by the same company that ‘dressed’ the ship. ‘Titanic’ is also his song: ‘My Heart Will Go On’. Céline Dion was not at all happy with the subject, her husband convinced her and it became a real hymn. Surely you are still grieving for Jack’s death and now you are going to hallucinate when you discover that his drowning could have been prevented. In the mythical program ‘Hunters of myths’, they showed that both fit into the same table. Very strong, yes. If you’ve been wanting more anecdotes, don’t miss our video. Hit the ‘play’!

    This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

We would like to say thanks to the author of this short article for this amazing content

‘Titanic’: we review the best moments of the film on its anniversary

) [1] => Array ( [title] => REVIEWS: Sleigh Bells apologize, but even on “Texis” there is no peace of arms (and mind) [link] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/music/reviews-sleigh-bells-apologize-but-even-on-texis-there-is-no-peace-of-arms-and-mind/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tom Pauler ) [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 04:26:03 +0000 [category] => MusicApologizearmsBellsmindPeaceREVIEWSSleighTexis [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12635 [description] => The kings of genre adultery and sound assassinations Sleigh Bells are back after four years with new combinations of non-combinable melodies. They repeat their chaos formula and it sounds completely different again. The guarantee remains – even by listening to the new “Texis” you will discover a surprising harmony in disharmonies. “I’ve been drunk most ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The kings of genre adultery and sound assassinations Sleigh Bells are back after four years with new combinations of non-combinable melodies. They repeat their chaos formula and it sounds completely different again. The guarantee remains – even by listening to the new “Texis” you will discover a surprising harmony in disharmonies.


“I’ve been drunk most of the time for eighteen years, or I’ve had a hangover,” admitted in an interview with Songwriters On Process the central author Sleigh Bells, who was already abstinent at the time, Derek Miller. A similar statement does not surprise the artist. On the other hand, it is admirable that despite all this he worked all the time as an uncompromising professional and as a progressive composer he pulled out his project with his colleague Alexis Krauss incredibly. And that the bar was set damn high with the debut “Treats”.

The follower of “Reign Of Terror” was safely known from the music itself that Miller was in trouble. While the album could be listed as the most depressing act of all time, others have struggled to see how far genre fragmentation can go. Findings: there are no boundaries. In suffering or in the genre range. The new “Texis” matured longer due to the covid than the band originally planned. The pandemic caught her at the same time she arrived at the studio for the final mix, so she decided to postpone the whole process and release. Although the release date in the middle of the world’s lockdowns would be more pleasant for fans, who used to be able to shorten long moments in social isolation, more time and distance from already composed songs, according to the duo, had a positive effect on the final recording. “Texis” is another sound giant in the group’s discography, which follows its own axis and, as usual, makes not only the critics clinging to the clear boxes, but also the oppressive listeners. And it fascinates those who like it very loud and very intensely, with local anesthesia in the form of ballads and sugar popcorn.

While the latest mini-album “Kid Kruschev” left the audience in a half-calm state and gave him a short breath before another onslaught of strong emotions and passions, the energy-pumped opener “SWEET75” the band returns to the stage in a grand style, at the cost of a few deaf listeners it kind of counts for this shredpop two. “Here we go! Here we go! You’re legitimate rock and roll!” Alexis Krauss hits the cannonade of drums and aggressive guitars. Better than a kicker in powder form. Question at the end of the song: “Aren’t you a little old for rock and roll?” in the case of Sleigh Bells, it is only rhetorical. The group may have been active for thirteen years, but it is definitely not possible to say that it has already said everything important and is running out of ideas, on the contrary. With each new record, he digs his style and demonstrates hitherto unseen corners of his inexhaustible creative potential. On “Texis” (which, by the way, is not a distortion of the American state, but an anagram for Exits), the truth is a bit more complete than in previous acts, which, however, still means a load of unpredictable plots, sound WTF moments and blasphemous genres.

0

The last mentioned attribute is most perfectly found on “Justine Go Genesis”, where the predation of riot grrls supported by metal riffs is played with a fast drum and bass tempo and chewing pop. And again, there is such a characteristic split for Sleigh Bells – self-confident slogans (in this case, for example, the Beatles and Nirvana) complement the defeatist: “I ain’t got shit”.

“And I know you think I won’t amount to shit,” Krauss also sings in “True Seeekers”. With its 80’s feel, sinking keys and chopping strings, the song would stand out in the “Stranger Things” soundtrack. (And acoustically reminds of an excellent cover “Where Did You Sleep Last Night”.) She is enlightened with hope, but at the same time afraid to cross her own shadow and find a way out of the grave. Sleigh Bells were lured to the new record by saying they wanted to pass it on to people “joyful energy and self-confidence”. But all this is still redeemed in their texts by depression, thoughts of leaving life, feelings of loneliness and despair. “I’m Not Down” seems to have been written right in the middle of world isolation and the associated uncertainty and sadness, even though it arose before the entire covid madness. “I want to be alone for a while, buried alive in a quiet town,” Krauss prophesies future days. “We have to take care of ourselves,” recalls a trivial but constantly current lesson in the same song.

0

Passages imbued with the humility of life alternate with erect mediators. The thrilling “Tennessee Tips” is a mockery of his own mortality, and in it Miller returns to one of the many past nights during which he danced with the Devil (read: addictive substances), in “Red Flag Flies” the musicians play harmoniously with the hellish triton and to God they return again in “Rosary”. Fury at the heart crowns “Locust Laced” with its cascade of sharpened guitars. “I feel like dynamite. I feel like I’m going to die tonight,” is a concise summary of the philosophy of Sleigh Bells and their disturbing ambivalence – euphoria on the outside, depression on the inside. “Locust Laced” sounds like the motif of a boisterous party, where you spark like sparklers and then you just count the losses after the explosion. Because the cursed fate cannot be escaped. And you can do your best to break through the wall (which is exceptionally not a metaphor, but an allusion to the clip of the same name, play it). The biggest flight, “Hummingbird Bomb”, the band kept at the end. What at first sounds like a singing rehearsal in clinking bells turns into a metal riot in which the band lyrically returns to the title exit; the idea of ​​escape, in this case a literal departure from life. The real highlight comes with a bridge in which the song moves melodically to other parts and Krauss apologizes to everyone against the background of soaring keyboard tones. With the increasing intensity of her expression, it is again revealed what beauty can be in sorrow and that even gloomy ends can carry hope and liberation.

0vpbh

The track is given from the point of view of an imaginary hummingbird, which is about to kill a lot of people with a bomb on its body. Of course, everyone can interpret it in their own way. And so, for example, we get a sincere and sensitive apology from the creators of the album, who apologize to their listeners. For all that blasphemy. Flirting with death. Self-destruction. A pain they didn’t look at. However, the result is “Texis”, so be forgiven. 66648

We would like to give thanks to the writer of this article for this remarkable content

REVIEWS: Sleigh Bells apologize, but even on “Texis” there is no peace of arms (and mind)

) [summary] => The kings of genre adultery and sound assassinations Sleigh Bells are back after four years with new combinations of non-combinable melodies. They repeat their chaos formula and it sounds completely different again. The guarantee remains – even by listening to the new “Texis” you will discover a surprising harmony in disharmonies. “I’ve been drunk most ... Read more [atom_content] =>

The kings of genre adultery and sound assassinations Sleigh Bells are back after four years with new combinations of non-combinable melodies. They repeat their chaos formula and it sounds completely different again. The guarantee remains – even by listening to the new “Texis” you will discover a surprising harmony in disharmonies.


“I’ve been drunk most of the time for eighteen years, or I’ve had a hangover,” admitted in an interview with Songwriters On Process the central author Sleigh Bells, who was already abstinent at the time, Derek Miller. A similar statement does not surprise the artist. On the other hand, it is admirable that despite all this he worked all the time as an uncompromising professional and as a progressive composer he pulled out his project with his colleague Alexis Krauss incredibly. And that the bar was set damn high with the debut “Treats”.

The follower of “Reign Of Terror” was safely known from the music itself that Miller was in trouble. While the album could be listed as the most depressing act of all time, others have struggled to see how far genre fragmentation can go. Findings: there are no boundaries. In suffering or in the genre range. The new “Texis” matured longer due to the covid than the band originally planned. The pandemic caught her at the same time she arrived at the studio for the final mix, so she decided to postpone the whole process and release. Although the release date in the middle of the world’s lockdowns would be more pleasant for fans, who used to be able to shorten long moments in social isolation, more time and distance from already composed songs, according to the duo, had a positive effect on the final recording. “Texis” is another sound giant in the group’s discography, which follows its own axis and, as usual, makes not only the critics clinging to the clear boxes, but also the oppressive listeners. And it fascinates those who like it very loud and very intensely, with local anesthesia in the form of ballads and sugar popcorn.

While the latest mini-album “Kid Kruschev” left the audience in a half-calm state and gave him a short breath before another onslaught of strong emotions and passions, the energy-pumped opener “SWEET75” the band returns to the stage in a grand style, at the cost of a few deaf listeners it kind of counts for this shredpop two. “Here we go! Here we go! You’re legitimate rock and roll!” Alexis Krauss hits the cannonade of drums and aggressive guitars. Better than a kicker in powder form. Question at the end of the song: “Aren’t you a little old for rock and roll?” in the case of Sleigh Bells, it is only rhetorical. The group may have been active for thirteen years, but it is definitely not possible to say that it has already said everything important and is running out of ideas, on the contrary. With each new record, he digs his style and demonstrates hitherto unseen corners of his inexhaustible creative potential. On “Texis” (which, by the way, is not a distortion of the American state, but an anagram for Exits), the truth is a bit more complete than in previous acts, which, however, still means a load of unpredictable plots, sound WTF moments and blasphemous genres.

0

The last mentioned attribute is most perfectly found on “Justine Go Genesis”, where the predation of riot grrls supported by metal riffs is played with a fast drum and bass tempo and chewing pop. And again, there is such a characteristic split for Sleigh Bells – self-confident slogans (in this case, for example, the Beatles and Nirvana) complement the defeatist: “I ain’t got shit”.

“And I know you think I won’t amount to shit,” Krauss also sings in “True Seeekers”. With its 80’s feel, sinking keys and chopping strings, the song would stand out in the “Stranger Things” soundtrack. (And acoustically reminds of an excellent cover “Where Did You Sleep Last Night”.) She is enlightened with hope, but at the same time afraid to cross her own shadow and find a way out of the grave. Sleigh Bells were lured to the new record by saying they wanted to pass it on to people “joyful energy and self-confidence”. But all this is still redeemed in their texts by depression, thoughts of leaving life, feelings of loneliness and despair. “I’m Not Down” seems to have been written right in the middle of world isolation and the associated uncertainty and sadness, even though it arose before the entire covid madness. “I want to be alone for a while, buried alive in a quiet town,” Krauss prophesies future days. “We have to take care of ourselves,” recalls a trivial but constantly current lesson in the same song.

0

Passages imbued with the humility of life alternate with erect mediators. The thrilling “Tennessee Tips” is a mockery of his own mortality, and in it Miller returns to one of the many past nights during which he danced with the Devil (read: addictive substances), in “Red Flag Flies” the musicians play harmoniously with the hellish triton and to God they return again in “Rosary”. Fury at the heart crowns “Locust Laced” with its cascade of sharpened guitars. “I feel like dynamite. I feel like I’m going to die tonight,” is a concise summary of the philosophy of Sleigh Bells and their disturbing ambivalence – euphoria on the outside, depression on the inside. “Locust Laced” sounds like the motif of a boisterous party, where you spark like sparklers and then you just count the losses after the explosion. Because the cursed fate cannot be escaped. And you can do your best to break through the wall (which is exceptionally not a metaphor, but an allusion to the clip of the same name, play it). The biggest flight, “Hummingbird Bomb”, the band kept at the end. What at first sounds like a singing rehearsal in clinking bells turns into a metal riot in which the band lyrically returns to the title exit; the idea of ​​escape, in this case a literal departure from life. The real highlight comes with a bridge in which the song moves melodically to other parts and Krauss apologizes to everyone against the background of soaring keyboard tones. With the increasing intensity of her expression, it is again revealed what beauty can be in sorrow and that even gloomy ends can carry hope and liberation.

0vpbh

The track is given from the point of view of an imaginary hummingbird, which is about to kill a lot of people with a bomb on its body. Of course, everyone can interpret it in their own way. And so, for example, we get a sincere and sensitive apology from the creators of the album, who apologize to their listeners. For all that blasphemy. Flirting with death. Self-destruction. A pain they didn’t look at. However, the result is “Texis”, so be forgiven. 66648

We would like to give thanks to the writer of this article for this remarkable content

REVIEWS: Sleigh Bells apologize, but even on “Texis” there is no peace of arms (and mind)

) [2] => Array ( [title] => ‘Greenhouse vegetables will become more expensive even without gas’ – ABN AMRO: greenhouse horticulture discovered as a fossil industry – Foodlog [link] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/lifestyle/greenhouse-vegetables-will-become-more-expensive-even-without-gas-abn-amro-greenhouse-horticulture-discovered-as-a-fossil-industry-foodlog/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Paula Hooper ) [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 03:54:42 +0000 [category] => LifestyleABNAMROdiscoveredexpensiveFoodlogFossilgasgreenhousehorticultureIndustryvegetables [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12629 [description] => The Dutch greenhouse horticulture sector has already taken many steps in recent years in the field of sustainability and optimization of production. Nowhere in the world do so many kilograms of tomatoes, peppers, aubergines and cucumbers come from a square meter, with relatively little use of energy, pesticides and water per kilogram of product. While ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The Dutch greenhouse horticulture sector has already taken many steps in recent years in the field of sustainability and optimization of production. Nowhere in the world do so many kilograms of tomatoes, peppers, aubergines and cucumbers come from a square meter, with relatively little use of energy, pesticides and water per kilogram of product. While livestock farming has come under a social magnifying glass in recent years when it comes to animal welfare, nitrogen emissions and biodiversity, the greenhouse vegetable sector has remained under the social radar.

This has changed due to the corona and partly related energy crisis. The public is now aware that greenhouse horticulture is very dependent on fossil energy – natural gas – and the deployment of cheap labor from abroad. About 200,000 workers are used every year. During the corona crisis, the hard lesson was that these employees are not automatically available and are often poorly housed by our standards.

In the sector report ‘Greenhouse vegetables: from efficiency to value’ ABN Amro foresees the need to accelerate investment in sustainable energy sources, such as geothermal energy, and robotization to reduce dependence on ‘old-fashioned’ resources. However, this does have a consequence: investments cannot be made at the current price level. Price increases are therefore on the horizon.

But how do you keep it running? After all, more expensive products can lead to a contraction of the market.

“Companies can respond to new consumer needs by focusing on qualitative product features, such as taste and nutrients,” says Jan de Ruyter, Sector Banker Agricultural at ABN AMRO. In the report, the bank writes that it is “conceivable that in the future the sustainability of products will no longer be weighed in relation to a kilo of product. It is cleaner to weigh sustainability in relation to the contribution of the product to a healthy environment.” diet, the nutrients present.”

The growing need for plant-based food will help many greenhouse growers in the coming years, the bank expects. What will help in this is that supermarkets are expected to start selling more sustainable products and offer transparency and accountability to consumers. Dutch greenhouse vegetable products – whether or not with a quality mark such as PlanetProof – can positively distinguish themselves from the often anonymous products from different countries that are on the shelves.

De Ruyter sees a bright spot in the VAT reduction on vegetables from the coalition agreement. It will “hopefully ensure that these price increases are not too high for consumers”.

Nevertheless, the banker believes that the sector cannot afford to invest in sustainability on its own. De Ruyter therefore finds it important that the government thinks along and supports greenhouse horticulturists.

In the short term, ABN Amro expects that 1 in 10 greenhouse horticulture companies will run into financial difficulties as a result of the current high gas prices. If energy prices do not return to pre-corona levels after 2023, that fate will hit even more greenhouse horticulture companies, according to the bank.

We would love to say thanks to the author of this article for this remarkable material

‘Greenhouse vegetables will become more expensive even without gas’ – ABN AMRO: greenhouse horticulture discovered as a fossil industry – Foodlog

) [summary] => The Dutch greenhouse horticulture sector has already taken many steps in recent years in the field of sustainability and optimization of production. Nowhere in the world do so many kilograms of tomatoes, peppers, aubergines and cucumbers come from a square meter, with relatively little use of energy, pesticides and water per kilogram of product. While ... Read more [atom_content] =>

The Dutch greenhouse horticulture sector has already taken many steps in recent years in the field of sustainability and optimization of production. Nowhere in the world do so many kilograms of tomatoes, peppers, aubergines and cucumbers come from a square meter, with relatively little use of energy, pesticides and water per kilogram of product. While livestock farming has come under a social magnifying glass in recent years when it comes to animal welfare, nitrogen emissions and biodiversity, the greenhouse vegetable sector has remained under the social radar.

This has changed due to the corona and partly related energy crisis. The public is now aware that greenhouse horticulture is very dependent on fossil energy – natural gas – and the deployment of cheap labor from abroad. About 200,000 workers are used every year. During the corona crisis, the hard lesson was that these employees are not automatically available and are often poorly housed by our standards.

In the sector report ‘Greenhouse vegetables: from efficiency to value’ ABN Amro foresees the need to accelerate investment in sustainable energy sources, such as geothermal energy, and robotization to reduce dependence on ‘old-fashioned’ resources. However, this does have a consequence: investments cannot be made at the current price level. Price increases are therefore on the horizon.

But how do you keep it running? After all, more expensive products can lead to a contraction of the market.

“Companies can respond to new consumer needs by focusing on qualitative product features, such as taste and nutrients,” says Jan de Ruyter, Sector Banker Agricultural at ABN AMRO. In the report, the bank writes that it is “conceivable that in the future the sustainability of products will no longer be weighed in relation to a kilo of product. It is cleaner to weigh sustainability in relation to the contribution of the product to a healthy environment.” diet, the nutrients present.”

The growing need for plant-based food will help many greenhouse growers in the coming years, the bank expects. What will help in this is that supermarkets are expected to start selling more sustainable products and offer transparency and accountability to consumers. Dutch greenhouse vegetable products – whether or not with a quality mark such as PlanetProof – can positively distinguish themselves from the often anonymous products from different countries that are on the shelves.

De Ruyter sees a bright spot in the VAT reduction on vegetables from the coalition agreement. It will “hopefully ensure that these price increases are not too high for consumers”.

Nevertheless, the banker believes that the sector cannot afford to invest in sustainability on its own. De Ruyter therefore finds it important that the government thinks along and supports greenhouse horticulturists.

In the short term, ABN Amro expects that 1 in 10 greenhouse horticulture companies will run into financial difficulties as a result of the current high gas prices. If energy prices do not return to pre-corona levels after 2023, that fate will hit even more greenhouse horticulture companies, according to the bank.

We would love to say thanks to the author of this article for this remarkable material

‘Greenhouse vegetables will become more expensive even without gas’ – ABN AMRO: greenhouse horticulture discovered as a fossil industry – Foodlog

) [3] => Array ( [title] => The reform of the welfare state, wanted by Joe Biden, blocked by a democratic senator [link] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/world-news/the-reform-of-the-welfare-state-wanted-by-joe-biden-blocked-by-a-democratic-senator/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Paula Hooper ) [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 03:53:01 +0000 [category] => World NewsBidenblockedDemocraticJoereformSenatorwelfare [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12623 [description] => Democratic Senator Joe Manchin leaves Capitol Hill in Washington DC, United States, December 15, 2021. ELIZABETH FRANTZ / REUTERS Republicans received an early Christmas present on Sunday, December 19. The delivery man is a Democratic senator, Joe Manchin, who thus opens a deep crisis within his own party and deals a severe blow to the ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Republicans received an early Christmas present on Sunday, December 19. The delivery man is a Democratic senator, Joe Manchin, who thus opens a deep crisis within his own party and deals a severe blow to the Biden presidency.

While the president spent his weekend in Wilmington (Delaware), Joe Manchin was the morning guest on Fox News. A symbolic conservative forum, to announce that he would definitely oppose the Build Back Better (BBB) ​​plan, the major legislative project for social spending and investment in the green economy, adopted in the Chamber representatives on November 19. Due to the division of the Senate 50-50 between Republicans and Democrats, thanks to the voice of Vice-President Kamala Harris, no voice should be missing from the majority side to pass a text.

“I tried everything that was humanly possible, I can’t do it”, explained the West Virginia elected official. Recalling that he was feeding reserves “For five and a half months” on the text, Joe Manchin has multiplied the explanations to justify this twist, to the point of weakening his own argument.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Joe Biden, a pragmatic reformer confronted with divisions within his camp and in society

He cited inflation, the new variant of the coronavirus, which should be focused on, or global geopolitical instability. Then he repeated the exercise in writing, in a press release issued in the wake. “My fellow Democrats in Washington are determined to reshape our society in a radical way that would leave our country even more vulnerable to the threats we face,” y lit-on. I can’t take this risk with a staggering debt of over $ 29 trillion [de dollars] and inflation numbers that are real and hurt every hard working American, at the pumps, in grocery stores and on utility bills [gaz et électricité], with no end in sight. “

A text qualified as a “mammoth”

These explanations did not convince anyone in the White House, warned only twenty minutes before the interview on Fox News by a simple assistant to the senator, according to the American press. Well-versed in complex negotiations in Congress, Joe Biden was the chief manager of the Manchin case. Without ever twisting his arm in public, increasing the gestures of attention, he hoped to push him to a compromise. The Democratic president had even convinced the progressive wing of the party – that is to say a hundred elected in the Chamber – to vote in priority the bill on the infrastructures (1,200 billion dollars, that is more than 1 trillion euros ), finally signed by Joe Biden on November 15.

You have 62.42% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We would love to thank the writer of this write-up for this amazing material

The reform of the welfare state, wanted by Joe Biden, blocked by a democratic senator

) [summary] => Democratic Senator Joe Manchin leaves Capitol Hill in Washington DC, United States, December 15, 2021. ELIZABETH FRANTZ / REUTERS Republicans received an early Christmas present on Sunday, December 19. The delivery man is a Democratic senator, Joe Manchin, who thus opens a deep crisis within his own party and deals a severe blow to the ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Republicans received an early Christmas present on Sunday, December 19. The delivery man is a Democratic senator, Joe Manchin, who thus opens a deep crisis within his own party and deals a severe blow to the Biden presidency.

While the president spent his weekend in Wilmington (Delaware), Joe Manchin was the morning guest on Fox News. A symbolic conservative forum, to announce that he would definitely oppose the Build Back Better (BBB) ​​plan, the major legislative project for social spending and investment in the green economy, adopted in the Chamber representatives on November 19. Due to the division of the Senate 50-50 between Republicans and Democrats, thanks to the voice of Vice-President Kamala Harris, no voice should be missing from the majority side to pass a text.

“I tried everything that was humanly possible, I can’t do it”, explained the West Virginia elected official. Recalling that he was feeding reserves “For five and a half months” on the text, Joe Manchin has multiplied the explanations to justify this twist, to the point of weakening his own argument.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Joe Biden, a pragmatic reformer confronted with divisions within his camp and in society

He cited inflation, the new variant of the coronavirus, which should be focused on, or global geopolitical instability. Then he repeated the exercise in writing, in a press release issued in the wake. “My fellow Democrats in Washington are determined to reshape our society in a radical way that would leave our country even more vulnerable to the threats we face,” y lit-on. I can’t take this risk with a staggering debt of over $ 29 trillion [de dollars] and inflation numbers that are real and hurt every hard working American, at the pumps, in grocery stores and on utility bills [gaz et électricité], with no end in sight. “

A text qualified as a “mammoth”

These explanations did not convince anyone in the White House, warned only twenty minutes before the interview on Fox News by a simple assistant to the senator, according to the American press. Well-versed in complex negotiations in Congress, Joe Biden was the chief manager of the Manchin case. Without ever twisting his arm in public, increasing the gestures of attention, he hoped to push him to a compromise. The Democratic president had even convinced the progressive wing of the party – that is to say a hundred elected in the Chamber – to vote in priority the bill on the infrastructures (1,200 billion dollars, that is more than 1 trillion euros ), finally signed by Joe Biden on November 15.

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The reform of the welfare state, wanted by Joe Biden, blocked by a democratic senator

) [4] => Array ( [title] => Dutch catering industry wants ‘refrigerator compensation’ for Christmas lockdown – American and British restaurants voluntarily close every other day – Foodlog [link] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/magazine/dutch-catering-industry-wants-refrigerator-compensation-for-christmas-lockdown-american-and-british-restaurants-voluntarily-close-every-other-day-foodlog/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Moonlky ) [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 03:50:22 +0000 [category] => MagazineAmericanBritishcateringChristmasClosecompensationdayDutchFoodlogIndustrylockdownrefrigeratorrestaurantsvoluntarily [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12617 [description] => The Corona effect of the weekend of 18 and 19 December 2021, the Foodlog selection of the corona news from the (inter)national press. The Corona effect highlights cracks in the food chain, traces of new food systems and the ‘new healthy’. Here you will find our previous selections, in Spotted our daily newsroom. “They are ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The Corona effect of the weekend of 18 and 19 December 2021, the Foodlog selection of the corona news from the (inter)national press. The Corona effect highlights cracks in the food chain, traces of new food systems and the ‘new healthy’. Here you will find our previous selections, in Spotted our daily newsroom.

“They are letting us sink into shit because of this lockdown, it’s a big bastard,” says a ferocious Gilles Harthoorn of Hotel Restaurant Duinzicht on Schiermonnikoog in MissetHoreca (1.3). Restaurants are left with large, unsaleable stocks due to the unexpectedly quickly introduced lockdown. Harthoorn is not alone, the catering industry feels ‘crippled’ (1.5) by the new measures, or gives the pipe to Maarten (De Telegraaf, 1.2).

Just before the holidays, many restaurateurs had gone big to ‘thin’ (3.7) and sell takeaway menus. Those supplies can now go to the food bank, or to the homeless. That is not a solution for Harthoorn: there is no food bank on Schiermonnikoog. Koninklijke Horeca Nederland is of the opinion that catering entrepreneurs should be compensated for purchases for which there will be no turnover with a ‘refrigerator compensation’.

In Great Britain, restaurants and cafes are also closing, even though the government has not (yet) imposed any measures in that direction (AD, 1.6). It is the catering entrepreneurs themselves who are closing their doors, on the one hand because they have to deal with a stream of cancellations and loss of staff due to the rapid rise of the omikron variant, and on the other because they want to protect their staff and customers. Great Britain has not provided any government aid. Paul Donovan, a noted British economist, thinks this “voluntary collapse of entertainment and services” is an omen of an economy not recovering.

In the United States, catering entrepreneurs are also in sack and ashes. As soon as an employee tests positive, they temporarily close the doors, and if an infected customer reports. It is raining closures and reopenings across the country. That is a matter of good employership. Certainly in times of staff shortages – such as now – employers must show that they are committed to the safety of their employees. “I have a responsibility for the health and well-being of my staff and their safety, their mental safety,” restaurateur Alex McCoy said in a statement. The Washington Post (1.1). “It’s not just about a positive or negative test. It’s also about them being in the right mindset and understanding that they are safe and that they are taken care of. They will be protected.”

Print this article

We wish to say thanks to the author of this article for this outstanding content

Dutch catering industry wants ‘refrigerator compensation’ for Christmas lockdown – American and British restaurants voluntarily close every other day – Foodlog

) [summary] => The Corona effect of the weekend of 18 and 19 December 2021, the Foodlog selection of the corona news from the (inter)national press. The Corona effect highlights cracks in the food chain, traces of new food systems and the ‘new healthy’. Here you will find our previous selections, in Spotted our daily newsroom. “They are ... Read more [atom_content] =>

The Corona effect of the weekend of 18 and 19 December 2021, the Foodlog selection of the corona news from the (inter)national press. The Corona effect highlights cracks in the food chain, traces of new food systems and the ‘new healthy’. Here you will find our previous selections, in Spotted our daily newsroom.

“They are letting us sink into shit because of this lockdown, it’s a big bastard,” says a ferocious Gilles Harthoorn of Hotel Restaurant Duinzicht on Schiermonnikoog in MissetHoreca (1.3). Restaurants are left with large, unsaleable stocks due to the unexpectedly quickly introduced lockdown. Harthoorn is not alone, the catering industry feels ‘crippled’ (1.5) by the new measures, or gives the pipe to Maarten (De Telegraaf, 1.2).

Just before the holidays, many restaurateurs had gone big to ‘thin’ (3.7) and sell takeaway menus. Those supplies can now go to the food bank, or to the homeless. That is not a solution for Harthoorn: there is no food bank on Schiermonnikoog. Koninklijke Horeca Nederland is of the opinion that catering entrepreneurs should be compensated for purchases for which there will be no turnover with a ‘refrigerator compensation’.

In Great Britain, restaurants and cafes are also closing, even though the government has not (yet) imposed any measures in that direction (AD, 1.6). It is the catering entrepreneurs themselves who are closing their doors, on the one hand because they have to deal with a stream of cancellations and loss of staff due to the rapid rise of the omikron variant, and on the other because they want to protect their staff and customers. Great Britain has not provided any government aid. Paul Donovan, a noted British economist, thinks this “voluntary collapse of entertainment and services” is an omen of an economy not recovering.

In the United States, catering entrepreneurs are also in sack and ashes. As soon as an employee tests positive, they temporarily close the doors, and if an infected customer reports. It is raining closures and reopenings across the country. That is a matter of good employership. Certainly in times of staff shortages – such as now – employers must show that they are committed to the safety of their employees. “I have a responsibility for the health and well-being of my staff and their safety, their mental safety,” restaurateur Alex McCoy said in a statement. The Washington Post (1.1). “It’s not just about a positive or negative test. It’s also about them being in the right mindset and understanding that they are safe and that they are taken care of. They will be protected.”

Print this article

We wish to say thanks to the author of this article for this outstanding content

Dutch catering industry wants ‘refrigerator compensation’ for Christmas lockdown – American and British restaurants voluntarily close every other day – Foodlog

) [5] => Array ( [title] => Mindfulness can get wandering thoughts back on track [link] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/healthandscience/mindfulness-can-get-wandering-thoughts-back-on-track/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 03:40:14 +0000 [category] => Health And ScienceMindfulnesstrackwandering [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12612 [description] => Journal Reference: Lynley Turkelson, Quintino Mano. The Current State of Mind: a Systematic Review of the Relationship Between Mindfulness and Mind-Wandering. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s41465-021-00231-6 “While zoning out for a few minutes during a meeting may not hurt, it can impact you negatively if it goes on for long periods of time,” ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Lynley Turkelson, Quintino Mano. The Current State of Mind: a Systematic Review of the Relationship Between Mindfulness and Mind-Wandering. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s41465-021-00231-6

“While zoning out for a few minutes during a meeting may not hurt, it can impact you negatively if it goes on for long periods of time,” says Lynley Turkelson, a University of Cincinnati doctoral student and lead author of a new study on mindfulness and mind wandering published in the Journal of Cognitive Enhancement.

“When distracting thoughts or feelings come up, mindfulness helps us gently set them aside and refocus on what is right in front of us,” says Turkelson.

Methods of practicing mindfulness vary but include practices such as breath-work and meditation.

For example, Turkelson says, one can practice mindfulness by paying attention to the experience of eating a favorite food: “You may start by noticing the smell of the food before you eat it, what it feels like as you bite into it, how it feels in your mouth, and the taste. Or perhaps you pay attention to the flow of breath in and out of your lungs or on the sensations you experience in various parts of the body.”

For the study, Turkelson, a doctoral student and fellow in UC’s Department of Psychology, and co-author Quintino Mano, PhD, a UC associate professor of psychology, conducted a systematic review of research that looks at the relationship between mindfulness and mind wandering.

What they found is that while mindfulness — the ability to intentionally focus attention on the present moment — can be effective for reducing mind wandering, results do differ depending on the research methodology. For instance, people are sometimes unaware when they are distracted, so asking them to report their own mind wandering is not reliable. The study results show it’s better to measure mind wandering in other ways, such as using computer-based testing.

“During COVID, people are facing even more distractions than normal, so it is important to find research-based ways to decrease mind wandering and improve attention,” says Turkelson.

Turkelson says that their systematic review looks at the research on this topic and synthesizes the results so that researchers know how consistent these findings are, as well as what still needs to be studied to improve our understanding of how mindfulness helps with mind wandering.

We would love to thank the writer of this short article for this remarkable material

Mindfulness can get wandering thoughts back on track

) [summary] => Journal Reference: Lynley Turkelson, Quintino Mano. The Current State of Mind: a Systematic Review of the Relationship Between Mindfulness and Mind-Wandering. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s41465-021-00231-6 “While zoning out for a few minutes during a meeting may not hurt, it can impact you negatively if it goes on for long periods of time,” ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Lynley Turkelson, Quintino Mano. The Current State of Mind: a Systematic Review of the Relationship Between Mindfulness and Mind-Wandering. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s41465-021-00231-6

“While zoning out for a few minutes during a meeting may not hurt, it can impact you negatively if it goes on for long periods of time,” says Lynley Turkelson, a University of Cincinnati doctoral student and lead author of a new study on mindfulness and mind wandering published in the Journal of Cognitive Enhancement.

“When distracting thoughts or feelings come up, mindfulness helps us gently set them aside and refocus on what is right in front of us,” says Turkelson.

Methods of practicing mindfulness vary but include practices such as breath-work and meditation.

For example, Turkelson says, one can practice mindfulness by paying attention to the experience of eating a favorite food: “You may start by noticing the smell of the food before you eat it, what it feels like as you bite into it, how it feels in your mouth, and the taste. Or perhaps you pay attention to the flow of breath in and out of your lungs or on the sensations you experience in various parts of the body.”

For the study, Turkelson, a doctoral student and fellow in UC’s Department of Psychology, and co-author Quintino Mano, PhD, a UC associate professor of psychology, conducted a systematic review of research that looks at the relationship between mindfulness and mind wandering.

What they found is that while mindfulness — the ability to intentionally focus attention on the present moment — can be effective for reducing mind wandering, results do differ depending on the research methodology. For instance, people are sometimes unaware when they are distracted, so asking them to report their own mind wandering is not reliable. The study results show it’s better to measure mind wandering in other ways, such as using computer-based testing.

“During COVID, people are facing even more distractions than normal, so it is important to find research-based ways to decrease mind wandering and improve attention,” says Turkelson.

Turkelson says that their systematic review looks at the research on this topic and synthesizes the results so that researchers know how consistent these findings are, as well as what still needs to be studied to improve our understanding of how mindfulness helps with mind wandering.

We would love to thank the writer of this short article for this remarkable material

Mindfulness can get wandering thoughts back on track

) [6] => Array ( [title] => Anthony Hopkins, more than just a legend [link] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/celebrity/anthony-hopkins-more-than-just-a-legend/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Sally Scully ) [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 03:28:00 +0000 [category] => CelebrityAnthonyHopkinslegend [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12606 [description] => Last day of the year and special date for the renowned actor Anthony Hopkins Born on a day like today in Wales, United Kingdom but in 1937. © Provided by Chic Magazine The actor premieres the drama The Father, an adaptation of the play Le Père. Photo: Archive In his school years showed a certain ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Last day of the year and special date for the renowned actor Anthony Hopkins Born on a day like today in Wales, United Kingdom but in 1937.



The actor premieres the drama The Father, an adaptation of the play Le Père.  Photo: Archive


© Provided by Chic Magazine
The actor premieres the drama The Father, an adaptation of the play Le Père. Photo: Archive

In his school years showed a certain inclination towards the artsNot to mention that he was a bad student and refused to deal with other children.

In 1957 he graduated from the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama and, after two years in the British Army, moved to London where he studied at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art.

Notably, he was influenced and encouraged by the Welsh actor Richard Burton to start his career in this industry.

His first professional acting appearance was at the Palace Theater, Swansea with the production Have a Cigarette. but it was after several years in the repertoire that it was discovered and invited to join the Royal National Theater.

After a series of films in which she played various roles in the 1970s and 1980s, his career soared thanks to the film The Silence of the Lambs where he gave life to Hannibal Lecter, which made him worthy of the Oscar award in the Best Actor category.

Criticism has acclaimed his work throughout his career, granting him multiple awards and recognitions including the British Academy Film Awards and Emmy.

At the age of 83, the composer also premieres the drama The Father, a adaptation of the play Le Père about an old man suffering from dementia.

Olivia Colman is also in the cast as ua daughter who will try to make you feel as comfortable as possible at home, this before putting him in a nursing home.

Hopkins stated in an interview that he suffers from Asperger’s Syndrome, a behavioral disorder affecting the ability to socialize and communicate properly.

The late diagnosis made him understand why it was always a lonely person who never fit anywhereas well as the problems it caused.

His altruistic sense has been very present, since he has dedicated part of his time to support different organizations like the National Foundation for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, Ruskin School of Acting and Greenpeace to name a few.

We would like to say thanks to the writer of this post for this remarkable material

Anthony Hopkins, more than just a legend

) [summary] => Last day of the year and special date for the renowned actor Anthony Hopkins Born on a day like today in Wales, United Kingdom but in 1937. © Provided by Chic Magazine The actor premieres the drama The Father, an adaptation of the play Le Père. Photo: Archive In his school years showed a certain ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Last day of the year and special date for the renowned actor Anthony Hopkins Born on a day like today in Wales, United Kingdom but in 1937.



The actor premieres the drama The Father, an adaptation of the play Le Père.  Photo: Archive


© Provided by Chic Magazine
The actor premieres the drama The Father, an adaptation of the play Le Père. Photo: Archive

In his school years showed a certain inclination towards the artsNot to mention that he was a bad student and refused to deal with other children.

In 1957 he graduated from the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama and, after two years in the British Army, moved to London where he studied at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art.

Notably, he was influenced and encouraged by the Welsh actor Richard Burton to start his career in this industry.

His first professional acting appearance was at the Palace Theater, Swansea with the production Have a Cigarette. but it was after several years in the repertoire that it was discovered and invited to join the Royal National Theater.

After a series of films in which she played various roles in the 1970s and 1980s, his career soared thanks to the film The Silence of the Lambs where he gave life to Hannibal Lecter, which made him worthy of the Oscar award in the Best Actor category.

Criticism has acclaimed his work throughout his career, granting him multiple awards and recognitions including the British Academy Film Awards and Emmy.

At the age of 83, the composer also premieres the drama The Father, a adaptation of the play Le Père about an old man suffering from dementia.

Olivia Colman is also in the cast as ua daughter who will try to make you feel as comfortable as possible at home, this before putting him in a nursing home.

Hopkins stated in an interview that he suffers from Asperger’s Syndrome, a behavioral disorder affecting the ability to socialize and communicate properly.

The late diagnosis made him understand why it was always a lonely person who never fit anywhereas well as the problems it caused.

His altruistic sense has been very present, since he has dedicated part of his time to support different organizations like the National Foundation for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, Ruskin School of Acting and Greenpeace to name a few.

We would like to say thanks to the writer of this post for this remarkable material

Anthony Hopkins, more than just a legend

) [7] => Array ( [title] => California Academy of Sciences researchers describe 70 new species in 2021 [link] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/healthandscience/california-academy-of-sciences-researchers-describe-70-new-species-in-2021/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 02:23:01 +0000 [category] => Health And ScienceAcademyCaliforniaResearcherssciencesspecies [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12601 [description] => Journal Reference: Manuel Luján, N. Ivalú Cacho, Miguel Ángel Pérez-Farrera, Barry Hammel. Clusia falcata (Clusiaceae), an endangered species with exceptionally narrow leaves endemic to Chiapas, Mexico. Kew Bulletin, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s12225-021-09988-7 Proving that our vast and dynamic planet still contains unexplored places with never-before recorded plants and animals, the scientists made their finds over five ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Manuel Luján, N. Ivalú Cacho, Miguel Ángel Pérez-Farrera, Barry Hammel. Clusia falcata (Clusiaceae), an endangered species with exceptionally narrow leaves endemic to Chiapas, Mexico. Kew Bulletin, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s12225-021-09988-7

Proving that our vast and dynamic planet still contains unexplored places with never-before recorded plants and animals, the scientists made their finds over five continents and three oceans, sifting through forest floors, venturing into vast deserts, and diving to extreme ocean depths. Their results help advance the Academy’s mission to regenerate the natural world through science, learning, and collaboration.

“Biodiversity is critical for the health of our planet, and is being lost at a rate where sustainability practices are no longer enough,” says Academy virologist and Chief of Science Shannon Bennett, PhD. “As stewards of our natural world, we need to play an active role in regenerating ecosystems. Our relationship to nature improves with each new species, deepening our understanding of how our planet works and can best respond to an uncertain future. As we continue to battle a changing climate and a global pandemic, there has never been a more crucial time to protect the variety of life on Earth.”

Below are highlights from the 70 new species described by the Academy this past year. On January 6, 2022, there will be a virtual NightSchool event celebrating the new species, featuring several of the researchers who described them.

Weevils a win for Indigenous communities

Entomology Postdoctoral Fellow Matthew Van Dam, PhD, describes Pachyrhynchus obumanuvu, a brightly colored Easter egg weevil from the forested mountaintops of the Philippines. At 3,000 feet (914 meters) above sea level, these weevils live in the canopy of the moist, moss-covered cloud forest. Unlike most weevils, which tend to be a single color, P. obumanuvu boasts complex patterns of iridescent yellows and greens. Its coloration mimics the traditional garments of its namesake, the Indigenous Obu Manuvu tribe.

But collaborating researcher Analyn Cabras, PhD, had additional motivations in naming this species. “We are in a race against time under the constant threat of forest degradation,” Cabras says. “Many insects may go extinct before they are even discovered.” P. obumanuvu was found in a small patch of primary forest — one of few remaining in the region due to centuries of farming and overlogging. Cabras notes the power of a name to instill a sense of pride and stewardship for a species within a community. She highlights the importance of continued species identification, particularly in regions faced with rapid exploitation of natural resources. “How can we teach conservation and wildlife regeneration,” Cabras questions, “if we can’t put a name to a face?”

A new genus of pygmy pipehorse in the Pacific

If you look closely at the sheer underwater cliffs off the coast of Northland, New Zealand, you’ll probably only see a wall of red coralline algae. But to the trained eye of Academy Research Associate Graham Short, PhD, Cylix tupareomanaia, a new species of pygmy pipehorse and close cousin to seahorses, can be found expertly camouflaged by its surroundings. The discovery of this elusive species brings to light a new genus of pipehorse — the first to be reported in New Zealand since 1921. “This discovery underscores how little we know about the reefs of New Zealand we’ve been exploring for centuries,” Short says. “If you dive a little deeper, I expect we’ll identify several more new species of fish.” Short’s findings have uncovered other undescribed species within the Cylix genus from South Africa to the Seychelles.

The new genus was determined by comparing CT scans between C. tupareomanaia and other similar species in the region. Short and his colleagues named Cylix (Latin for ‘chalice’) for the cup-like bone structure on its crest, whereas other pipehorse genera have a dome-shaped crest. The species name, tupareomanaia,is M?ori for “garland of the seahorse,” and represents the first time a M?ori tribe has been involved in naming an endemic species from the Northland region.

Scorpions reach new heights

In the canopies of Mexico’s tropical lowland forests, you’ll find unexpected residents: scorpions. This year, Islands 2030 initiative co-leader and Curator of Arachnology Lauren Esposito, PhD, and graduate student Aaron Goodman describe six new species of bark scorpions from Guatemala and Mexico. While people might generally associate scorpions with arid desert climates, these bark scorpions find respite from predators, namely larger scorpions, high in the treetops of undisturbed primary forests. One of the new-to-science scorpions, Centruroides catemacoensis, has developed an extraordinary tactic to escape predators. With the ability to discern rustling winds from an approaching predator, C. catemacoensis let’s go of its perch at the first sign of a nearby threat, falling to the safety of the forest floor. “Once they hit the leaf litter, you won’t find them,” Goodman says. Goodman used this to his advantage while on night surveys, tapping branches with PVC pipes to mimic predators and trigger the scorpions to fall into the nets waiting below.

Caecilian sleuthing in São Tomé

Since colonial times, biologists have debated whether or not the São Tomé caecilian — a limbless, burrowing amphibian — is one or two distinct species. After carefully studying the genetic markers of 85 individuals across São Tomé island in the Gulf of Guinea, Islands 2030initiative co-leader and Academy Curator of Herpetology Rayna Bell, PhD, provides the strongest evidence to date that the island boasts two unique species of caecilians.

Around 300,000 years ago, a burst of volcanic activity streaked São Tomé with lava flows, dividing the island — and the caecilians — into unique, isolated habitats. This separation likely caused the species to diverge as they acclimated to the environmental pressures of their newfound territories. As the lava flows eroded, the once-impenetrable barriers disappeared, allowing the two resulting species to become neighbors once more. Millennia of interbreeding and hybridization has since shrouded the presence of two species by blurring the genetic lines between them. While the long debate over this species is familiar, Bell’s finding is a major step towards understanding and protecting both of São Tomé’s caecilians.

Guitarfish strum a new tune for fisheries

Ichthyology Research Associate David Ebert, PhD, describes two blue-spotted guitarfish from Madagascar (Acroteriobatus andysabini) and Socotra (Acroteriobatus stehmanni). These are coastal rays with elongated bodies and flattened heads that resemble — you guessed it — guitars. Because of their close proximity to humans and ability to be easily fished, these shark-like rays are among the most endangered of all cartilaginous fish.

A. andysabini, the larger of the two newly-described species, was previously grouped together with another species of guitarfish. This lack of taxonomic knowledge has been detrimental to Malagasy guitarfish, as local small-scale fisheries continue to overfish without regulation. Ebert’s conclusion that there are in fact two distinct specieshas brought conservation to the forefront, helping to facilitate Madagascar’s first national plan of action to protect sharks and rays.

Collaborating with local fisheries to incorporate species identification in their practice, Ebert is hopeful for harmony between guitarfish and the neighboring coastal communities they sustain. “How can we manage species protection in a region where food security is a prevalent issue?” Ebert questions. “It’s not simply a matter of protecting these animals; it’s about coming up with long-term solutions for both rays and human populations.”

Sea stars shine on coral reefs

Over the past year, Invertebrate Zoology Research Associate Christopher Mah, PhD, described five new-to-science echinoderms — a group of marine animals that includes sea stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, and more — from Rapa Nui (Easter Island) and New Caledonia. After careful examination of images from a remotely-operated vehicle and sea star specimens provided by Academy biologists and Hope for Reefsinitiative co-leaders Luiz Rocha, PhD, and Bart Shepherd, Mah described the Indo-Pacific sea star Uokeaster ahi.

Setting the reef ablaze with its bright orange color, U. ahi is aptly named for its fiery hue — ahi, meaning ‘fire’ in the Rapa Nui language. ‘Uokeaster’ is derived from the mythological sea deity Uoke,who, according to legend, submerged the once-continental Rapa Nui beneath the sea, leaving only its tallest mountain peaks exposed. U. ahi resides in this “original” Rapa Nui — the reefs just beneath the surface.

Sea stars are important contributors to healthy coral reefs. Remove them, and the ecosystem falls out of balance. Therefore, the more we know about them, the better we can protect these increasingly fragile ecosystems. “You never know what benefit will come of studying the unknown,” Mah says, “whether that’s a tangible benefit like an anticancer drug or an ecological benefit in protecting coral reefs.”

We wish to thank the author of this article for this outstanding material

California Academy of Sciences researchers describe 70 new species in 2021

) [summary] => Journal Reference: Manuel Luján, N. Ivalú Cacho, Miguel Ángel Pérez-Farrera, Barry Hammel. Clusia falcata (Clusiaceae), an endangered species with exceptionally narrow leaves endemic to Chiapas, Mexico. Kew Bulletin, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s12225-021-09988-7 Proving that our vast and dynamic planet still contains unexplored places with never-before recorded plants and animals, the scientists made their finds over five ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Manuel Luján, N. Ivalú Cacho, Miguel Ángel Pérez-Farrera, Barry Hammel. Clusia falcata (Clusiaceae), an endangered species with exceptionally narrow leaves endemic to Chiapas, Mexico. Kew Bulletin, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s12225-021-09988-7

Proving that our vast and dynamic planet still contains unexplored places with never-before recorded plants and animals, the scientists made their finds over five continents and three oceans, sifting through forest floors, venturing into vast deserts, and diving to extreme ocean depths. Their results help advance the Academy’s mission to regenerate the natural world through science, learning, and collaboration.

“Biodiversity is critical for the health of our planet, and is being lost at a rate where sustainability practices are no longer enough,” says Academy virologist and Chief of Science Shannon Bennett, PhD. “As stewards of our natural world, we need to play an active role in regenerating ecosystems. Our relationship to nature improves with each new species, deepening our understanding of how our planet works and can best respond to an uncertain future. As we continue to battle a changing climate and a global pandemic, there has never been a more crucial time to protect the variety of life on Earth.”

Below are highlights from the 70 new species described by the Academy this past year. On January 6, 2022, there will be a virtual NightSchool event celebrating the new species, featuring several of the researchers who described them.

Weevils a win for Indigenous communities

Entomology Postdoctoral Fellow Matthew Van Dam, PhD, describes Pachyrhynchus obumanuvu, a brightly colored Easter egg weevil from the forested mountaintops of the Philippines. At 3,000 feet (914 meters) above sea level, these weevils live in the canopy of the moist, moss-covered cloud forest. Unlike most weevils, which tend to be a single color, P. obumanuvu boasts complex patterns of iridescent yellows and greens. Its coloration mimics the traditional garments of its namesake, the Indigenous Obu Manuvu tribe.

But collaborating researcher Analyn Cabras, PhD, had additional motivations in naming this species. “We are in a race against time under the constant threat of forest degradation,” Cabras says. “Many insects may go extinct before they are even discovered.” P. obumanuvu was found in a small patch of primary forest — one of few remaining in the region due to centuries of farming and overlogging. Cabras notes the power of a name to instill a sense of pride and stewardship for a species within a community. She highlights the importance of continued species identification, particularly in regions faced with rapid exploitation of natural resources. “How can we teach conservation and wildlife regeneration,” Cabras questions, “if we can’t put a name to a face?”

A new genus of pygmy pipehorse in the Pacific

If you look closely at the sheer underwater cliffs off the coast of Northland, New Zealand, you’ll probably only see a wall of red coralline algae. But to the trained eye of Academy Research Associate Graham Short, PhD, Cylix tupareomanaia, a new species of pygmy pipehorse and close cousin to seahorses, can be found expertly camouflaged by its surroundings. The discovery of this elusive species brings to light a new genus of pipehorse — the first to be reported in New Zealand since 1921. “This discovery underscores how little we know about the reefs of New Zealand we’ve been exploring for centuries,” Short says. “If you dive a little deeper, I expect we’ll identify several more new species of fish.” Short’s findings have uncovered other undescribed species within the Cylix genus from South Africa to the Seychelles.

The new genus was determined by comparing CT scans between C. tupareomanaia and other similar species in the region. Short and his colleagues named Cylix (Latin for ‘chalice’) for the cup-like bone structure on its crest, whereas other pipehorse genera have a dome-shaped crest. The species name, tupareomanaia,is M?ori for “garland of the seahorse,” and represents the first time a M?ori tribe has been involved in naming an endemic species from the Northland region.

Scorpions reach new heights

In the canopies of Mexico’s tropical lowland forests, you’ll find unexpected residents: scorpions. This year, Islands 2030 initiative co-leader and Curator of Arachnology Lauren Esposito, PhD, and graduate student Aaron Goodman describe six new species of bark scorpions from Guatemala and Mexico. While people might generally associate scorpions with arid desert climates, these bark scorpions find respite from predators, namely larger scorpions, high in the treetops of undisturbed primary forests. One of the new-to-science scorpions, Centruroides catemacoensis, has developed an extraordinary tactic to escape predators. With the ability to discern rustling winds from an approaching predator, C. catemacoensis let’s go of its perch at the first sign of a nearby threat, falling to the safety of the forest floor. “Once they hit the leaf litter, you won’t find them,” Goodman says. Goodman used this to his advantage while on night surveys, tapping branches with PVC pipes to mimic predators and trigger the scorpions to fall into the nets waiting below.

Caecilian sleuthing in São Tomé

Since colonial times, biologists have debated whether or not the São Tomé caecilian — a limbless, burrowing amphibian — is one or two distinct species. After carefully studying the genetic markers of 85 individuals across São Tomé island in the Gulf of Guinea, Islands 2030initiative co-leader and Academy Curator of Herpetology Rayna Bell, PhD, provides the strongest evidence to date that the island boasts two unique species of caecilians.

Around 300,000 years ago, a burst of volcanic activity streaked São Tomé with lava flows, dividing the island — and the caecilians — into unique, isolated habitats. This separation likely caused the species to diverge as they acclimated to the environmental pressures of their newfound territories. As the lava flows eroded, the once-impenetrable barriers disappeared, allowing the two resulting species to become neighbors once more. Millennia of interbreeding and hybridization has since shrouded the presence of two species by blurring the genetic lines between them. While the long debate over this species is familiar, Bell’s finding is a major step towards understanding and protecting both of São Tomé’s caecilians.

Guitarfish strum a new tune for fisheries

Ichthyology Research Associate David Ebert, PhD, describes two blue-spotted guitarfish from Madagascar (Acroteriobatus andysabini) and Socotra (Acroteriobatus stehmanni). These are coastal rays with elongated bodies and flattened heads that resemble — you guessed it — guitars. Because of their close proximity to humans and ability to be easily fished, these shark-like rays are among the most endangered of all cartilaginous fish.

A. andysabini, the larger of the two newly-described species, was previously grouped together with another species of guitarfish. This lack of taxonomic knowledge has been detrimental to Malagasy guitarfish, as local small-scale fisheries continue to overfish without regulation. Ebert’s conclusion that there are in fact two distinct specieshas brought conservation to the forefront, helping to facilitate Madagascar’s first national plan of action to protect sharks and rays.

Collaborating with local fisheries to incorporate species identification in their practice, Ebert is hopeful for harmony between guitarfish and the neighboring coastal communities they sustain. “How can we manage species protection in a region where food security is a prevalent issue?” Ebert questions. “It’s not simply a matter of protecting these animals; it’s about coming up with long-term solutions for both rays and human populations.”

Sea stars shine on coral reefs

Over the past year, Invertebrate Zoology Research Associate Christopher Mah, PhD, described five new-to-science echinoderms — a group of marine animals that includes sea stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, and more — from Rapa Nui (Easter Island) and New Caledonia. After careful examination of images from a remotely-operated vehicle and sea star specimens provided by Academy biologists and Hope for Reefsinitiative co-leaders Luiz Rocha, PhD, and Bart Shepherd, Mah described the Indo-Pacific sea star Uokeaster ahi.

Setting the reef ablaze with its bright orange color, U. ahi is aptly named for its fiery hue — ahi, meaning ‘fire’ in the Rapa Nui language. ‘Uokeaster’ is derived from the mythological sea deity Uoke,who, according to legend, submerged the once-continental Rapa Nui beneath the sea, leaving only its tallest mountain peaks exposed. U. ahi resides in this “original” Rapa Nui — the reefs just beneath the surface.

Sea stars are important contributors to healthy coral reefs. Remove them, and the ecosystem falls out of balance. Therefore, the more we know about them, the better we can protect these increasingly fragile ecosystems. “You never know what benefit will come of studying the unknown,” Mah says, “whether that’s a tangible benefit like an anticancer drug or an ecological benefit in protecting coral reefs.”

We wish to thank the author of this article for this outstanding material

California Academy of Sciences researchers describe 70 new species in 2021

) [8] => Array ( [title] => 2021 Special: The Songs That Marked the Year | Pave Music [link] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/music/2021-special-the-songs-that-marked-the-year-pave-music/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Paula Hooper ) [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 01:11:23 +0000 [category] => MusicmarkedPavesongsSpecial [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12595 [description] => You know that track you listened to and then added to a playlist, or that made you watch a video – be it clip or live – countless times? Yeah, there’s music that’s enough to be among our favorites forever, and we’ll never forget the time when it first hit us. From so many songs ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

You know that track you listened to and then added to a playlist, or that made you watch a video – be it clip or live – countless times? Yeah, there’s music that’s enough to be among our favorites forever, and we’ll never forget the time when it first hit us.

From so many songs that went through the Pave Music in 2021, here are those that the website’s team indicated, elected and commented on as the ones that stood out in the year.

Follow more of the special 2021 do Pave Music

Silk Sonic (Bruno Mars + Anderson .Paak) – Leave the Door Opin

This song awakened our nostalgia for Motown-era hits, in a tribute to this entire generation of the 70s. The first track released by the duo formed by Mars and .Paak has already reached the top of the Billboard Hot 100 and earned them the award for Best Group at the BET Awards 2021 (even though there was only one song released!). His official live debut was at the Grammy Awards 2021 with this song that undoubtedly marked the year. (André Moraes)

Juçara Marçal – Crash

Poetry by Rodrigo Ogi, produced by Kiko Dinucci, and voiced by Juçara Marçal. How could it go wrong? Crash was released as a single harbinger of Delta Estacio Blues, and contains all the elements that make up the record: experimental base, heavy collaboration, and powerful voice. With references ranging from Tarantino to popular Brazilian sayings, Crash is one of those stones that stick in your head and make you want more. “Come check” that you “will take wood”. (Diego Tribuzy)

Caetano Veloso – log angels

Among hostile, everyday images and familiar names, a question arises: “What can be salvation?”. Caetano is not prophetic, he deftly goes around our reality, rules the words and makes each syllable have a weight. Despite the horror, the insistence of those who listen to songs. Despite the volume of information and questions, other ways to create and live appear! (Letícia Miranda)

Marisa Mountain – Calm

The return of Marisa Monte was one of the gifts of 2021. One of the few. The music is one of those well-crafted pop ballads, with a touch of MPB. Or vice versa. Whatever it is, it’s the artist’s face. In Calm, Marisa is straightforward: she looks to the future. And that’s all we need right now. (William Nunes)

Rodrigo Amarante – Tide

Whistles, well-defined percussion and a vibrant horn section launch the listener into the joyous current of Tide, one of the main tracks of Drama. In a playful and contagious tone, Amarante reflects on desire, dreams and nightmares. According to the artist, the song is inspired by the traditional Spanish proverb: “the tide takes what the ebb brings”. Thus, the warm and casual verses tell about the weight and lightness of dreaming and wanting. (Bruno Maroni)

Marina Sena – My turn

It’s almost impossible not to hum and want to dance to the sound of My turn, single that debuted Marina Sena for her solo career. The track has a plot of carnal love, with pop melody and bubblegum chorus, which demonstrate the personality and talent of the singer. Marina delivers us a pop that amuses and addicts us, with her cheeky and unpretentious sensuality. (Geovan Diniz)

Billie Eilish – Happier than Ever

No wonder, Happier Than Ever is one of those breathtaking songs. The title track of the second album in Eilish’s career is a euphoric catharsis of the lyrical self, which narrates the profound process of liberation from a toxic relationship. By bringing explosive guitars and sincere screams to end the song, the artist echoes an intimate outburst, which comes from the depths of her soul: “I would never treat myself so badly”. (Isabela Guiduci)

Honorable Mention: FBC & VHOOR + Mac Júlia – if you are single

In less than two minutes, the track oozes charisma, makes you smile and invites you to sing (and dance!). Without asking permission, if you are single introduces the listener very well to the entire conceptual universe of the album Home and still manages to insert its chorus into pop culture. Duly deserved achievements in the exaltation of peripheral culture, violently erased by a Brazil that insists on not being Brazil. (André Felipe de Medeiros)

Follow more of the special 2021 do Pave Music




We wish to give thanks to the author of this post for this outstanding content

2021 Special: The Songs That Marked the Year | Pave Music

) [summary] => You know that track you listened to and then added to a playlist, or that made you watch a video – be it clip or live – countless times? Yeah, there’s music that’s enough to be among our favorites forever, and we’ll never forget the time when it first hit us. From so many songs ... Read more [atom_content] =>

You know that track you listened to and then added to a playlist, or that made you watch a video – be it clip or live – countless times? Yeah, there’s music that’s enough to be among our favorites forever, and we’ll never forget the time when it first hit us.

From so many songs that went through the Pave Music in 2021, here are those that the website’s team indicated, elected and commented on as the ones that stood out in the year.

Follow more of the special 2021 do Pave Music

Silk Sonic (Bruno Mars + Anderson .Paak) – Leave the Door Opin

This song awakened our nostalgia for Motown-era hits, in a tribute to this entire generation of the 70s. The first track released by the duo formed by Mars and .Paak has already reached the top of the Billboard Hot 100 and earned them the award for Best Group at the BET Awards 2021 (even though there was only one song released!). His official live debut was at the Grammy Awards 2021 with this song that undoubtedly marked the year. (André Moraes)

Juçara Marçal – Crash

Poetry by Rodrigo Ogi, produced by Kiko Dinucci, and voiced by Juçara Marçal. How could it go wrong? Crash was released as a single harbinger of Delta Estacio Blues, and contains all the elements that make up the record: experimental base, heavy collaboration, and powerful voice. With references ranging from Tarantino to popular Brazilian sayings, Crash is one of those stones that stick in your head and make you want more. “Come check” that you “will take wood”. (Diego Tribuzy)

Caetano Veloso – log angels

Among hostile, everyday images and familiar names, a question arises: “What can be salvation?”. Caetano is not prophetic, he deftly goes around our reality, rules the words and makes each syllable have a weight. Despite the horror, the insistence of those who listen to songs. Despite the volume of information and questions, other ways to create and live appear! (Letícia Miranda)

Marisa Mountain – Calm

The return of Marisa Monte was one of the gifts of 2021. One of the few. The music is one of those well-crafted pop ballads, with a touch of MPB. Or vice versa. Whatever it is, it’s the artist’s face. In Calm, Marisa is straightforward: she looks to the future. And that’s all we need right now. (William Nunes)

Rodrigo Amarante – Tide

Whistles, well-defined percussion and a vibrant horn section launch the listener into the joyous current of Tide, one of the main tracks of Drama. In a playful and contagious tone, Amarante reflects on desire, dreams and nightmares. According to the artist, the song is inspired by the traditional Spanish proverb: “the tide takes what the ebb brings”. Thus, the warm and casual verses tell about the weight and lightness of dreaming and wanting. (Bruno Maroni)

Marina Sena – My turn

It’s almost impossible not to hum and want to dance to the sound of My turn, single that debuted Marina Sena for her solo career. The track has a plot of carnal love, with pop melody and bubblegum chorus, which demonstrate the personality and talent of the singer. Marina delivers us a pop that amuses and addicts us, with her cheeky and unpretentious sensuality. (Geovan Diniz)

Billie Eilish – Happier than Ever

No wonder, Happier Than Ever is one of those breathtaking songs. The title track of the second album in Eilish’s career is a euphoric catharsis of the lyrical self, which narrates the profound process of liberation from a toxic relationship. By bringing explosive guitars and sincere screams to end the song, the artist echoes an intimate outburst, which comes from the depths of her soul: “I would never treat myself so badly”. (Isabela Guiduci)

Honorable Mention: FBC & VHOOR + Mac Júlia – if you are single

In less than two minutes, the track oozes charisma, makes you smile and invites you to sing (and dance!). Without asking permission, if you are single introduces the listener very well to the entire conceptual universe of the album Home and still manages to insert its chorus into pop culture. Duly deserved achievements in the exaltation of peripheral culture, violently erased by a Brazil that insists on not being Brazil. (André Felipe de Medeiros)

Follow more of the special 2021 do Pave Music




We wish to give thanks to the author of this post for this outstanding content

2021 Special: The Songs That Marked the Year | Pave Music

) [9] => Array ( [title] => Maples in the mountains provide clues to past distribution [link] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/healthandscience/maples-in-the-mountains-provide-clues-to-past-distribution/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Tony Grantly ) [pubdate] => Mon, 20 Dec 2021 01:06:01 +0000 [category] => Health And SciencecluesdistributionMaplesmountainsprovide [guid] => https://fuzzyskunk.com/?p=12590 [description] => Journal Reference: Ikuyo Saeki, Akira S. Hirao, Tanaka Kenta. Genetic variation of a relict maple Acer miyabei Uncovering its history of disjunct occurrence and the role of mountain refugia in shaping genetic diversity. American Journal of Botany, 2021; DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1803 Acer miyabei is found mainly in river floodplains, from lowland to mountainous areas. The species ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Ikuyo Saeki, Akira S. Hirao, Tanaka Kenta. Genetic variation of a relict maple Acer miyabei Uncovering its history of disjunct occurrence and the role of mountain refugia in shaping genetic diversity. American Journal of Botany, 2021; DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1803

Acer miyabei is found mainly in river floodplains, from lowland to mountainous areas. The species was once abundant but is now only found in small, isolated populations. In Japan, Acer miyabei is found in three regions: a northern group in Hokkaido with a number of local populations at low elevation, and groups in North and Central Honshu, which have smaller populations. In Central Honshu, Acer miyabei is found at high altitude in mountainous areas.

“The genetic diversity and variation of relic species, like Acer miyabei, can provide clues to their origins and history, as well as the ability of current populations to respond to climate change,” says lead author of the study, Professor Ikuyo Saeki. “We wanted to explore the biogeographic history ofthis species, which was once widespread, to understand how it has survived in these pockets of suitable habitat.”

To look at the genetic variation of trees from the three regions, the researchers collected samples from 604 trees at 43 sites. They then examined their genetic structure using microsatellite markers.

While the results showed genetic differentiation among the three regions, the variation among populations within regions was larger than that among regions. “The northern group could be differentiated from the two southern groups, but our findings suggest that division of the populations occurred relatively recently,” explains Professor Saeki. “It appears that the mountainous terrain of Central Honshu likely played an important role in shaping the genetic variation of populations in that region.”

While Central Honshu has a small number of geographically scattered populations, these have a high number of distinct alleles-a sign of genetic diversity. As the climate warmed after the glacial periods of the last ice age, the cool higher elevations of the mountains may have provided refugia for Acer miyabei. Genetic flow between these populations may then have been limited by the terrain.

Species distributions can be shaped by many different climatic, environmental, and biological factors and the relationships among them over time. Looking at the genetic structure of relic species, like Acer miyabei, can provide insights into the relationships between genetics and the environment, as well as insights into how species may adapt to future change.

We would like to give thanks to the author of this short article for this incredible content

Maples in the mountains provide clues to past distribution

) [summary] => Journal Reference: Ikuyo Saeki, Akira S. Hirao, Tanaka Kenta. Genetic variation of a relict maple Acer miyabei Uncovering its history of disjunct occurrence and the role of mountain refugia in shaping genetic diversity. American Journal of Botany, 2021; DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1803 Acer miyabei is found mainly in river floodplains, from lowland to mountainous areas. The species ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Ikuyo Saeki, Akira S. Hirao, Tanaka Kenta. Genetic variation of a relict maple Acer miyabei Uncovering its history of disjunct occurrence and the role of mountain refugia in shaping genetic diversity. American Journal of Botany, 2021; DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1803

Acer miyabei is found mainly in river floodplains, from lowland to mountainous areas. The species was once abundant but is now only found in small, isolated populations. In Japan, Acer miyabei is found in three regions: a northern group in Hokkaido with a number of local populations at low elevation, and groups in North and Central Honshu, which have smaller populations. In Central Honshu, Acer miyabei is found at high altitude in mountainous areas.

“The genetic diversity and variation of relic species, like Acer miyabei, can provide clues to their origins and history, as well as the ability of current populations to respond to climate change,” says lead author of the study, Professor Ikuyo Saeki. “We wanted to explore the biogeographic history ofthis species, which was once widespread, to understand how it has survived in these pockets of suitable habitat.”

To look at the genetic variation of trees from the three regions, the researchers collected samples from 604 trees at 43 sites. They then examined their genetic structure using microsatellite markers.

While the results showed genetic differentiation among the three regions, the variation among populations within regions was larger than that among regions. “The northern group could be differentiated from the two southern groups, but our findings suggest that division of the populations occurred relatively recently,” explains Professor Saeki. “It appears that the mountainous terrain of Central Honshu likely played an important role in shaping the genetic variation of populations in that region.”

While Central Honshu has a small number of geographically scattered populations, these have a high number of distinct alleles-a sign of genetic diversity. As the climate warmed after the glacial periods of the last ice age, the cool higher elevations of the mountains may have provided refugia for Acer miyabei. Genetic flow between these populations may then have been limited by the terrain.

Species distributions can be shaped by many different climatic, environmental, and biological factors and the relationships among them over time. Looking at the genetic structure of relic species, like Acer miyabei, can provide insights into the relationships between genetics and the environment, as well as insights into how species may adapt to future change.

We would like to give thanks to the author of this short article for this incredible content

Maples in the mountains provide clues to past distribution

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